At present, the shipments of negative electrode materials are mainly based on graphitized carbon materials.

Graphite is currently the most widely used negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries, and its actual specific capacity is close to the theoretical specific capacity limit of 372 mAh/g. There is limited room for further improvement, and it is not enough to meet the high energy density requirements of future power batteries.

The silicon-based anode material has a huge advantage over the graphite anode in terms of specific capacity. The theoretical specific capacity is as high as 4200 mAh/g, which is about 10 times that of the graphite anode. At the same time, it has a low lithium deintercalation potential (~0.4V, slightly higher than that of graphite), which can avoid the phenomenon of lithium precipitation on the surface during charging, and its safety performance is better than that of graphite anode materials.

However, the current silicon carbon anode process is still immature, and the problems such as low efficiency and volume expansion in the first week cannot be solved, and the requirements for mass production have not yet been met. At present, enterprises mostly use a small amount of silicon-carbon material in the graphite anode material for modification.

With the increasing energy density requirements of power batteries, silicon carbon anodes are expected to become the most promising next-generation anode materials, and the system with high nickel ternary materials is expected to become a development trend.

Powder materials in lithium batteries

Lithium batteries are mainly composed of positive electrodes, negative electrodes, separators, electrolytes, binders, conductive agents, tabs and packaging materials.

ALPA in ChongQing International Battery Fair – CIBF

The CIBF is a battery industry international regular fair, which is held biennially in China, and has become the largest battery fair in the world. The 16th China International Battery Fair (CIBF2024),…